The in-depth reconstruction of modern historiography as one of the most original elaborations of the European tradition, which seeks to give full meaning to this story experienced by European historians (and not just Europeans). A story that is followed in the overall picture of the broader cultural context in which historiography is involved, through the study of some of the greatest figures and historiographical and cultural experiences of the twentieth century, from Braudel to Furet and the «Annales» , in Vernant, Le Goff, Namier, Hobsbawm, Palmer, Popper, Arendt, Berlin, Mosse, Nolte, Maravall.
And moreover, the developments of national historiography, integrated with the parallel work of European historians:
- The Italian magisterium in Renaissance Europe: the humanistic historiography of Machiavelli and Guicciardini.
- Vico, Muratori and Giannone, which reopens a new great season of studies and historical reflections.
- National contemporary historiography: the interpretations of Benedetto Croce, Gioacchino Volpe, Federico Chabod, Rosario Romeo, Giorgio Candeloro, Renzo De Felice, Giovanni Spadolini, Ernesto Ragionieri, Corrado Vivanti.