PART I: PALEOANTHROPOLOGY
Fossil hominids: history of discoveries, presentation of the most important paleoanthropological sites in the world, and description of the anatomical and behavioral characteristics of pre-human species.
The first Hominins: description of the species possibly attributable to the Ominins.
Description of the anatomical and ecological characteristics of the archaic and transitional Ominins.
Premodern Homo and anatomically modern Homo: presentation of the anatomical and cultural characteristics of the species belonging to the genus Homo, with particular reference to the Upper Paleolithic species (H. neanderthalensis, Ho fluoresiensis, Denisova ed H, sapiens).
PART II: PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY
Skeletal anatomy: anatomical description of the bone elements of the skeleton and their variability.
Teeth: anatomical description of deciduous and permanent teeth and their variability.
Comparative anatomy: anatomical description of the skeletons of animal species, which are most frequently found in archaeological contexts, associated with human burials.
Estimation of skeletal sex: presentation of the methods of estimating the sex of a skeletal individual, based on the morphometric characteristics of the bones and teeth.
Estimation of age at death: presentation of the methods of estimating the sex of a skeletal individual, based on the morphometric characteristics of the bones and teeth.
Overview of anthropometry: description of the anthropometric measures necessary for the reconstruction of the biological profile of a skeletal individual (stature in life, body size, physiological and pathological asymmetries).
PART III: ARCHAEOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY
After death: from the body to the skeleton.
description of the stages of decomposition of a body, whose knowledge allows to reconstruct the original state of a burial.
Diagenesys and taphonomy: description of the transformation processes of bone, teeth and soft tissues (mummifications), which occur after death.
Funerary archeology: classification of burials (in primary and secondary, single, bisome, trisome, multiple, in closed and open space).
Excavation: description of recovery techniques and documentation of human remains in the field. Restoration: presentation of restoration techniques and consolidation of human remains.
Conservation of skeletal remains: presentation of the regulations in force concerning the conservation of human remains, and of the environmental parameters required for their preservation and musealisation.