I. Chamber of Afflicted, Contemporary Arabic literature from nahḍah to today, Carocci Editore, New Edition, Rome 2007 (all chapters).
- A Hourani, History of the Arab Peoples, Mondadori 1998 (pp. 279-455).
For students not attending further reference text:
M. Avino, I. Camera d 'Afflitto, A. Salem, Anthology of Contemporary Arabic Literature, Carocci 2015.
II. AA. VV., Nahdah Narratives: Arab Literary Modernity and the Dialogue between Genres, ed. J. Guardi and M. E. Paniconi, in Oriente Moderno, v. 99 (1-2), Brill, Leiden, 2019.