The course provides advanced knowledge on the nature of the relationship between mind and brain and aims to provide advanced knowledge on the functional maturation of the nervous system that allows the development of the main cognitive functions, and on the role of the environment and the experience, in the framework of cognitive neuroscience. The student must demonstrate that he has acquired:
1) The understanding of the fundamental mechanisms that regulate the maturation of the nervous system and the development of the main cognitive functions, with particular attention to the complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors
2) The understanding of the consequences of serious alterations of the typical development trajectory and the ability to compare and differentiate the main neurological / neuropsychological syndromes affecting in the developmental age
3) The ability to refer to the experimental evidence, and to the relative research hypotheses and methodologies, which support or contrast with the main general theoretical formulations on the relationship between neural and psychological development
4) the ability to organize and communicate the acquired knowledge in a clear, effective, coherent narrative, using an appropriate scientific language
5) The ability to express one's own point of view and to deepen autonomously the topics, the experimental studies and the methodologies of interest
The guided practical experience (EPG) aims to provide practical knowledge in the use of tecniques for the study of anatomy and function of the nervous system and of diagnostic tests for the assessment of cognitive functions during development. Attending students will perform a practical exercise of administration and correction of cognitive development scales and will visit university laboratories that use neuroimaging techniques in the field of developmental neuroscience, including fMRI, NIRS and EEG. Students will make use of this knowledge to analyze and discuss scientific articles dealing with the combination of behavioral and neuroimaging techniques. Non-attending students will be offered readings that examine the same aspects individually and in combination with each other.