The course takes on the interpretation of urban mobility in terms of social, economic and environmental sustainability and aims to identify the enabling infrastructures, the infrastructures for mobility that is capable of pursuing this purpose.
The teaching structure includes an articulation into the following thematic blocks.
1. Relationship between demand for mobility and urban form: the territorial structure considerably influences the demand for mobility. A high territorial dispersion generally corresponds to a greater use of the individual private way and therefore greater collective costs and lower efficiency of the system. The general trend of studies on recent mobility phenomena shows that high housing densities are associated with less demand for movement, while urban sprawl requires increasing movement, both in number and in distance. In this sense, during the course we will analyze the choices made in mobility planning acts and in the course of decision-making processes concerning the implementation of urban interventions aimed at integrating the two dimensions. This integration is one of the essential elements to contribute to the sustainability of the urban environment, or to the reduction of the negative externalities of moving and collective living in general.
2. Relationship between displacements and land use: traffic is a dependent variable, the consequence of activities that induce displacements. The means used and the time taken for the journeys that take place to carry out activities in places far from our residence, as well as the routes and times, depend to a large extent on the location of the activities and on their other characteristics, for example the times of opening or presence of car parks. Consequently, the course will carry out a reasoning on the tools for the governance of mobility and on their spatial dimension, defined starting from the characteristics of the demand, and from the relationships with the urban planning and land use regulation tools that - intentionally or not - influence the demand for mobility.
3. Parking and access regulation: between the parking system and the organization of circulation there is an important relationship. In cities, a significant share of traffic is generated by motorists who carry out activities located in central areas. The extent of the transport demand is therefore influenced by the amount of parking available near the center; by intervening on the parking facilities and on the access modalities it is possible to regulate and reduce the access vehicular traffic.
4. Management of the demand for mobility: congestion is a manifestation of the balance between supply and demand. People traveling by car (the "question") will be able to decide whether that cost is sustainable for them or if there are no alternative ways of moving (not only for the mode of transport used, but also for the times and location of your place of residence or work).
The course will deepen the theme of the standards to be implemented in correspondence with new settlements and their relationship with urban plans and projects for the location of new settlements, determining the effective need for parking, and the ability of the network to support the new traffic induced.
5. Planning and management of public transport and cycling: the demand for public transport is defined by the ratio between the total number of passengers transported each year by the different modal urban public transport systems (buses, trams, trolleybuses, underground trains, funiculars and vaporetti) and the total of residents. To reduce traffic levels and facilitate travel, the offer and quality of public transport must be increased and more pedestrian zones and cycle paths created. Students will be invited to develop planning and management hypotheses on family cases.
The Sustainable Mobility teaching includes frontal theoretical lessons alternated with workshops on the practical application of the concepts and seminars held by experts in the sector. Group activities are also planned on case studies relating to sustainable mobility projects in urban and territorial contexts.
The exam consists of a discussion concerning the material produced by the student during the semester and a discussion concerning the topics covered in the lessons and in the bibliography of the course.
- Angrilli, M., Piano Progetto Paesaggio. Urbanistica e recupero del bene comune, Franco Angeli, Milano, 2018.
- Munoz, F. Urbanalization: Common Landscapes, Global Places, The Open Urban Studies Journal, 2010, 3, 78-88