Introduction to the qualitative inorganic analysis
Properties and characteristics of inorganic compounds.
General aspects of the laboratory procedures
Main semimicro analysis techniques: evaporation and boiling, calcination, melting, filtration, centrifugation, washing of precipitates.
Safety rules in the chemistry lab
Chemical equilibria in water solution
Acid-base, solubility, redox and coordination equilibria.
The Italian and European Pharmacopeia.
Analysis of cations and anions
Analysis of main cations and anions of pharmaceutical interest.
Preliminary assays. Flame test.
Application of solution multiple equilibria to separate and identify cations and anions. Separation examples.
Identification assays and limit test of inorganic species, described in the Pharmacopeia.
Cations and anions of pharmaceutical and toxicological interest
Biochemical, pharmaceutical and toxicological aspects of the inorganic substances.
Chromatography: general aspects. Ion exchange chromatography.
Spectroscopic methods of analysis
General aspects; Atomic absorption and emission spectroscopy. ICP-AES and ICP-MS.
Fundamental procedures: precipitation, filtration, centrifugation.
Separation and identification of cations and anions as by systematic analysis and as by Pharmacopeia. Separation of ionic species through ion exchange chromatography.