Cytology: R. Di Pietro
Composition and organization of living matter. Eukaryotic cell. Plasma membrane. Membrane transport. Internal membranous system. Smooth and rough endoplasmic reticulum. Ribosomes. Golgi apparatus. Lysosomes. Mitochondria and energy metabolism. Nuclear compartment. Free cytoplasm: composition and organization. Cytoskeleton and cell motility. Microtubules. Microfilaments. Intermediate filaments.
Histology: L. Centurione
Three-dimensional organization of cell populations: tissues, organs, apparatuses. Tissue renewal. Stem cells and kinetics of cell populations. Epithelial tissues: general morphological and functional characteristics and classification; specializations of the cell surface and polarity; basal membrane. Coating epithelia: structure and localization of coating epithelia. Glandular epithelia: morpho-functional classification of the glands; histological organization and localization of the exocrine and endocrine glands; methods and types of secretion.
Connective tissues: general morphological and functional characteristics and classification. Connective tissues properly called: specialized cells and extracellular matrix; components of the amorphous substance: glycosaminoglycans, proteoglycans and glycoproteins; collagen, elastic, reticular fibers; biosynthesis and organization of extracellular components; variety of connective tissues properly called and relative location. Adipose tissue. Cartilaginous tissue: morphological and functional characteristics; specialized cells and cartilaginous matrix; cartilage types; cartilage histogenesis; perichondrium.
Bone tissue: morphological and functional characteristics; specialized cells and bone matrix; bone lamellae and lamellar systems; compact and spongy bone; periosteum and endosteum; ossification; growth and remodeling of the bone; metabolic functions of the bone.
Blood: plasma; red blood cells; white blood cells; platelets. Myeloid tissue: hematopoiesis. Lymphoid system: immunocompetent cells; structure of the lymphoid tissue; notes on the structure of the lymphoid organs.
Muscle tissues: general morphological and functional characteristics and classification. Skeletal muscle tissue: structural and ultrastructural organization; molecular bases of muscle contraction; contraction control; histophysiology of skeletal muscle. Cardiac muscle tissue: structural and ultrastructural organization. Smooth muscle tissue.
Nervous tissue: general organization of the central and peripheral nervous system; the neuron and its extensions; types of neurons; types of nerve fibers; nerve impulse conduction; synapses; neuromuscular junction; neuroglia cells; histophysiology of the nervous tissue.
Embriology: R. Di Pietro
Gametogenesis: ovary and testis structure; meiosis; male and female gametogenesis; hormonal control of oogenesis and spermatogenesis.
Fecondation: modifications of the gametes; histophysiology of fecondation; the zygote. Stem cells and cell differentiation.
First week of development: segmentation; morula; blastocyst; embryoblast and trophoblast.
2nd week of development: implantation; bilaminar disk; evolution of the trophoblast.
3rd week of development: development of the mesoderm; notochord; the three germ layers and their derivatives; definition of the shape of the body.
4th week of development: Ectoderm derivatives: neural tube and encephalic vesicles; stomodeo. Endoderm derivatives: primitive intestine; anterior intestine and pharyngeal intestine: furrows, gill arches and pouches; development of salivary glands. Mesoderm derivatives: paraxial mesoderm; somites and their derivatives; mesenchyme.
Embryonic annexes (amnion, chorion, allantoid, yolk sac, umbilical cord, placenta). Teratogenesis.
Internship of Histological Diagnosis I: S. Sancilio
Epithelial fabric: coating; exocrine and endocrine glandular.
Connective tissue: proper connective tissue, adipose tissue, cartilaginous tissue, bone tissue. Direct and indirect ossification. Hemopoietic tissue and blood. Lymphoid tissue and lymphoid organs.
Muscle tissue: skeletal, cardiac and smooth.