Interpretation of light as an electromagnetic wave and an electromagnetic spectrum.
Experimental measurement of the speed of light.
Energy carried by electromagnetic waves.
Light propagation: geometric optics:
The ray model for the propagation of light.
Reflection and flat mirrors.
Index of refraction.
Refraction and Snell's law.
Total reflection and its application to optical fibers.
Thin lenses and light rays diagrams.
Equation of thin lenses and magnification
Constitutive equation of lenses.
Wave nature of light:
Waves and corpuscles, Huygens principle and diffraction.
The principle of Huygens and the law of refraction.
Interference and experimentation of the two Young's slits.
Spectrum of visible light and dispersion.
Diffraction through a single slit and through a hole.
Diffraction lattices Spectrometers and spectroscopy.
Film and digital cameras.
Human eye and corrective lenses.
Aberration of the lenses.
Resolution limits: circular openings.
Resolution of telescopes and microscopes.
Resolution of the human eye and useful magnification.
Store information into a computer: storage device;
Interact with the computer: input and output devices;
Health informatics: current context and future developments;
Computer networks: from data transport to the use of information;
Types of networks: architectures and transmission techniques;
The operating system of a computer: interface and variants;
Productivity software: word processing, spreadsheet,
presentation and database;
Numbering systems and conversion techniques, concept of
Programming languages: what they are and their evolution;
Concepts of Bioinformatics and Telemedicine.
Purposes and methods of statistical analysis; Statistical characters and classification.
Data synthesis Tools: absolute, relative, cumulated frequencies; Arrangement and organization of data in tables; Frequency distributions.
Main graphical representations: orthograms, circular field diagrams, histograms, frequency polygons, scatter diagrams.
Central trend indices: Arithmetic mean and its properties, mode and median, Terzili, quartiles and percentiles.
Variability indices: range, deviance, variance, standard deviation and coefficient of variation. Box-Plot.
Frequency distribution curves. Symmetry indices.
Normal distribution, standardized normal distribution.
Confidence interval for an arithmetic mean and for a proportion.
Concept of statistical hypothesis testing.
Relationship between two qualitative characters: the Chi-squared test as a measure of association between two qualitative variables, the chi-squared with the correction of Yates for the continuity, the exact Fisher test.
Student T-test for independent samples and student T-test for paired samples.
Relationship between two quantitative characters: regression analysis and correlation analysis
Critical reading of articles related to topics related to the CdS with significant content of biostatistics.