Introduction to the study of human anatomy.
Blood vessels and circle.
Digestive system (outline).
Urinary system (outline).
Genital apparatus (outline).
HISTOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY
The eukaryotic cell: nucleus and cytoplasm general organization; basic techniques for studying the cell.
Cell differentiation and organization of cells in tissues.
Epithelial tissue: morphology and general characteristics of epithelial tissues. Epithelial tissue types: coating epithelia, exocrine glandular epithelia, endocrine glandular epithelia.
Connective tissue: morphology and general characteristics of connective tissues (cells, fibers, amorphous substance). Types of connective tissue: connective properly called (lax, dense), supporting connective tissue (cartilage, bone), connective tissue with trophic function (blood, adipose tissue). Process of formation, growth and bone remodeling. Basic concepts on lymphoid tissues and immune system.
Muscle tissue: morphology and general characteristics of muscle tissues. Types of muscle tissue: striated skeletal, cardiac streaked, smooth.
Nervous tissue: morphology and general characteristics of neurons and neuroglia cells. Types of neurons (morphological and functional classification). Types of nerve fibers and regeneration mechanisms. Types of neuroglia cells. Structure and types of synapses. Driving plate.
Gametogenesis. Ovary cycle and menstrual cycle. Fertilization: modifications of the gametes; histophysiology of fertilization; zygote and cell differentiation.
First week of development: segmentation; morula; blastocyst; embryoblast and trophoblast.
2nd week of development: implantation; bilaminar disk; evolution of the trophoblast.
3rd week of development: notochord; formation of the three germ layers (ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm); definition of body shape and body axes.
4th week of development: development and derivatives of the ectoderm (neural tube and encephalic vesicles, stomodea); development and derivatives of the mesoderm (paraxial, intermediate and lateral mesoderm, somites, mesenchyme); development and derivatives of the endoderm (primitive intestine, anterior gut and pharyngeal intestine: furrows, arches and gill pouches).
The movement: organizational aspect
Upper and lower limb articular assessment (shoulder and elbow) e trunk (whole spine and lumbar spine)
Mono and bi-articular muscles: basic concepts
Muscle test: patient postures, fixation, stiffness, evaluation, examination of muscles in some gestures.
Muscle test: trunk, shoulder, elbow, hip, knee.