Digestion and absorption of nutrients: digestion and absorption of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids. Contribution of bile salts for digestion and absorption of lipids. Absorption of water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins. Absorption of water and minerals. Absorption of calcium and iron.
Secretory and motor functions of the digestive tract: chewing and saliva. Swallowing. Esophagus motility. Gastric motility: filling of the stomach, mixing movements and emptying of gastric contents. Gastric Secretion: functions of hydrochloric acid and pepsinogen and gastrin. Vomit. Cholecyst emptying. Intestine motility. Mechanisms of pancreatic exocrine secretion. Intestinal secretions. Defecation.
Evaluation of nutritional requirements for healthy subjects, subjects enrolled in specific physical activities and in the elderly
Basal metabolic rate and energy expenditure