The Solar System: formation of a planet, terrestrial planets; the Earth from space; distribution of chemical species on the Earth and crust
Earth's interior: lithosphere and astenosphere, ehe 3-D structure of the Mantle; introduction to Plate tectonics theory.
Earthquakes: what is an earthquakes, studying eartquakes, exploring the interior with seismic waves, earthquakes and patterns of faulting
The deformation of rocks: faults and folding
Mineral and rocks: type and classification of minerals, physical properties, the silicate family; igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks.
The rock cycle: endogenic and exogenic processes; plate tectonics and rocks formation.
Crustal compositions and dynamics : type of plate margins; continental and oceanic crust; ophiolite sequence; subduction type A and B; magnetic anomalies and ages of oceanic floor.
Volcanism: eruptive styles and landforms; lavas and other volcanic deposits; the global pattern of volcanism.
The sedimentary cycle: weathering, transport and rock formations; abundances of sedimentary rocks; depositional basins and tectonics; sorting, sphericity and roundness of particles.
Timing the geologic record: relative and absolute age; cronostratigraphy and geocronology; the chronostratigraphic scale and units.