The course of Drawing and Representation consists of lectures and theoretical exercises of Descriptive Geometry, aid to technical representation, and similar theoretical communications and operational exercises on the Surveying of architecture. The aim of the Course is to provide students with the appropriate tools for an appropriate representation of the existing and what can be conceived, with the help of the three main geometric models that result, by convention, those applied in the representation of the built and the environment. The practical exercises to be developed in the classroom will have a counterpart, at home, that the students will have to carry out and deliver periodically to the teacher. These are flanked by three final tables, in relation to the three geometric models, which will have as their subject a building of Contemporary Architecture of the last forty years agreed with the teacher.
The main theoretical topics of the lessons of Descriptive Geometry are: Double orthogonal projections; Assonometries; Perspectives; Shadows. It will also examine level of practical skills, codes and standards to be applied to the drawing of the existing and the project, in order to make students understand the value of the technical representation, both traditional, handmade, and computer, through the use of reduction scales.
Reference text: M. Docci, R. Migliari, Scienza della Rappresentazione. Fundamentals and Applications of Descriptive Geometry, NIS, Rome 1992.
During the course of the Descriptive Geometry part, students will be asked individually, at three different times in the cycle, to verify their theoretical knowledge.
The part of Surveying Architecture, integrated with that of Descriptive Geometry, deals with issues relating to the knowledge of the characteristics of historical architecture, through the procedures and methods of measurement and the consequent graphic restitution. In retracing back the design process, the surveying operations allow to represent critically the different aspects of an architectural organism, from the geometric-spatial, dimensional, morphological, technical-constructive, material, historical, stratigraphic, etc., point of view. The operating process is carried out using a methodology essentially divided into three phases: a) historical-conscious analysis; b) mental relevance; c) graphic restitution.
There will be theoretical lessons and exercises that will be developed through graphs (sketches, notes, photographs, drawings, etc..) and will constitute examination material.
The hours carried out in the classroom are followed by hours to be used at home for the development of a group work (consisting of 2 to max 4 members) focused on a subject to be agreed with the teacher. This work will be developed in a series of tables in which the degree of knowledge of the subject will be shown.
The basic topics of the second part are: the methodologies of direct and instrumental detection; the use of the most recent three-dimensional photogrammetric acquisition systems and 3D laser scanners; the preparation of a conscious surveying project organized according to the aims, followed by graphical returns to scale, thematic representations and graphical analysis carried out with the help of three-dimensional study models.
Reference texts: M. Docci, D. Maestri, Manuale di rilevamento architettonico ed urbano, Laterza, Bari 2009; E. Ippoliti, Rilevare, ed. Kappa, Roma 2000; C. Palestini, La rappresentazione tra progetto e rilievo, ed. Gangemi, Roma 2008.
Within this part a short form of Topography will be developed, whose topics are: Trigonometry, Geodesy, Measurement theory, Planimetric survey. The acquisition of the knowledge of Topography will be checked immediately at the end of the form by means of an examination with a vote that will average with that of the final exam.
Reference texts: Topography dispenses with related texts.
To better address the different parts of the Course, students are advised to equip themselves with material and tools to carry out the graphic elaborations that will be collected in a folder. All the materials produced must undergo periodic revision, in order to improve them and to allow the student a greater awareness of the representative methods, and will be delivered to the final interview. Also for the materials produced within the Architectural Survey module there will be periodic reviews with progressive advances and corrections of the graphic drawings that will be delivered together with the year theme, in paper format and on digital support, at the final interview. The latter will consist in the verification of the theoretical knowledge related to Descriptive Geometry and Architectural Survey, that is in the critical explanation of the presented materials, and the votes of both will make media with that of the Topography interview.